Ebene Magazine – Coronavirus lockdowns cut global carbon emissions by an estimated 7% – what happens now?

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This is a transcript of episode 7 of The Conversation Weekly podcast. COVID-19 caused the biggest drop in CO2 emissions ever – how can we make it permanent? In this episode, we examine the impact of coronavirus lockdowns on global carbon emissions and ask what this means for the fight against climate change if governments focus on recovery. And we hear how the pandemic exacerbated the difficulties of migrant workers in Canada.

Dan Merino: After the world stayed home for a year, global carbon emissions have dropped unprecedented.

Corinne Le Quéré : We estimate that emissions have decreased by around 7%. This is the biggest we’ve ever seen.

Dan: In this episode, we’ll drill down to find out what actually caused the reduction – and what that means for the fight against climate change, if the World begins to recover.

Gemma: And we’ll talk to Vinita Srivastava from The Conversation in Toronto, the host of Don’t Call Me Resilient, a new podcast about races. We have an excerpt from a conversation she had about the difficulties migrant workers faced in Canada during the pandemic.

Min Sook Lee: Workers live 20, 30 in a garage with no windows that stores farm equipment

Dan: And I’m Dan Merino in San Francisco and you’re listening to The Conversation Weekly, the world that was explained by the experts.

Gemma: Dan, I really enjoyed how calm the sky was Was here in London during the lockdown. I live under a flight path, so it can get quite noisy, but fortunately the planes have been rare and far apart in the last few months.

Dan: It was similar here in the US. Air traffic has decreased by 60% in the last year, to a level that appears to be close to 1984. And car traffic had dropped to almost zero.

Gemma: Yes, there were fewer cars on the road in London at least at the beginning of the pandemic.

So Dan, I would assume that this is all good news for them Environment, right? Fewer flights, fewer drivers only mean less CO₂.

Dan: That’s totally good news. Total global carbon emissions decreased 7% in the last year … but that decrease didn’t really last. I don’t know about you, Gemma, but the traffic is sure to be back where I am. So I wanted to put the last year in perspective. How does it compare to what has happened in the past few decades? I spoke to two scientists, one who looked at the impact of the pandemic on emissions and a second who looked at whether our individual actions are affecting those around us in terms of climate change.

Corinne: Mine Name is Corinne Le Quéré. I’m a scientist and professor of climate science at the University of East Anglia in the UK.

Dan: Corinne recently co-authored a paper comparing pre-pandemic carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuels with those during the pandemic.

Corinne: We looked at global emissions, mainly from burning fossil fuels. And before the pandemic, those emissions increased. So these emissions are the main cause of climate change and have been increasing fairly steadily. But in the last decade, on the rise, emissions growth has been much slower than in previous decades.

Read more: We have made progress in curbing global emissions. But it’s a fraction of what it takes.

Dan: But with no one driving, no one flying, and the global economy more or less on hold, countries around the world have seen their emissions drop unprecedented

Corinne: In the countries where the lockdown occurred, the US, most of Europe, Japan, and India were cut by around 30% at the height of the lockdown. So we could see that the maximum impact was in April when most of the countries were locked out at the same time.

Dan: Since then, emissions have gradually increased again. The economies have adapted to the pandemic and the countries have eased some of their COVID restrictions.

Corinne: The effect of the lockdown is still keeping emissions in check, but now it’s of course a lot less, both because it’s a lot there are fewer countries that are blocked. But also because the lockdowns are much looser as we learn what we can and cannot do to limit the effects of the pandemic.

Dan: Overall, there were fewer emissions in 2020 than in 2019. In fact, it was the world’s largest decrease in modern history.

Corinne: We estimate the emissions decrease to be around 7%. I mean, in terms of the absolute number of billions of tons, this is the largest we have ever seen: 2.6 billion tons of CO₂. It still means we are emitting 34 billion tons of CO₂ – so everything is actually relative, isn’t it?

Dan: Ok, let’s put this wild year into context: Since 1990 global emissions have been down 61% gone up. But the pace of that growth has actually slowed down. Many of the most polluting countries have increasingly taken steps to limit their carbon emissions, such as switching from coal to renewable energies.

Corinne: In the last decade, on the rise, the growth in emissions has been much slower than in previous decades. You can see that there have been effects of the Paris Agreement or more general energy and climate policies that have been introduced in response to climate change in the past few years and even a decade or two. There are over 2,000 climate policies worldwide, and we are all starting to see the benefits of them.

Dan: The 2016 Paris Agreement is a legally binding international treaty that provides a roadmap for countries to reduce their carbon emissions and implement more environmentally friendly strategies. It has been criticized for being too flexible and unenforceable, but proponents say it is necessary to prevent global temperatures from exceeding 1.5 ℃ -2 ℃ above pre-industrial levels, or in other words, to prevent climate catastrophe Prevent.

Corinne and her colleagues have tracked fossil fuel emissions in more than 200 countries over time. Between 2016 and 2019, the years before the pandemic, they reported that 64 countries had actually reduced their CO₂ emissions from fossil fuels. But emissions were up in 150 countries, according to the vast majority.

Corinne: Right now there are 36 UN-defined countries in the rich countries that are keeping an eye on these things. In 25 of the 36 countries, emissions are actually falling. So you can see that they are going in the opposite direction of what is good and what you need to fight climate change.

Dan: Great artists included Great Britain, Denmark and Japan, for example. While some wealthy countries are cutting emissions, others are going in the wrong direction. Emissions from Australia, Russia, Canada and New Zealand continue to rise due to oil and natural gas consumption. Although most of the 36 wealthy countries have reduced emissions overall, the group is still responsible for a tonne of emissions globally: 35% in 2019. For now, at least, wealth and emissions go hand in hand.

OK, that are the rich countries – but what about the rest of the world? When Corrine’s team looked at emissions from 99 higher-middle-income countries in the five years leading up to the pandemic, it found that 30 of them also cut their emissions – including Mexico, Singapore and Israel. But it was a mixed bag for the rest of these middle-income countries. In China, which is classified as a middle-income country, emissions rose slightly, albeit much more slowly than in the last two decades.

Corinne: So 99 countries there, which are responsible for half of the world’s emissions, and before the pandemic, their emissions were still increasing as a group, but this is the group that really slowed the growth of their emissions.

Dan: Corinne said that some of these higher-middle-income countries have started to be greener Adopt policies in line with the Paris Agreement.

Corinne: Many countries have policies in place. Think Mexico, Indonesia. But also because renewable energy prices in particular have fallen and these are starting to displace heavy and fossil fuel industries.

Dan: Lower-income countries – there are 79 of them – made only 14% of global emissions in 2019 fossil fuels. If you want to explore this data more closely, compare the countries over time and see the effects of the pandemic. Corinne and her colleagues have put together a fantastic interactive graphic for individual countries, which is included in the show notes.

The pandemic has shown that it is actually possible to drastically reduce CO2 emissions. We definitely don’t want to do it the way we did in 2020: closing economies and essentially banning travel, nobody wants to experience that again. However, when thinking about ways to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, the inevitable question arises: what can I do as an individual? This question about the role of individual measures in the fight against climate change concerns another researcher I spoke to, Steve Westlake.

Steve Westlake: I am doing research at Cardiff University for a doctorate and I am concerned with leadership ideas and good ones Lead the example when it comes to environmentally friendly behavior, especially climate change and high carbon behavior.

Dan: Steve told me that one of his mentors stopped flying altogether a few years ago for environmental reasons. This had a big impact on Steve’s own thinking and behavior and for his PhD he started researching this effect.

Steve: I interviewed people who knew someone who had given up flying and it got people in two Divided into groups. And I found that the people who knew, knew someone who had given up flying, about 75% of them said that this changed their attitudes in some way.

Dan: That ripple effect – one person’s choice extends to those who know them – is quite strong. When people saw someone else change something, it affected their own behavior.

Steve: So it made climate change more important, or it made connections between individual behavior and climate change, or it increased the urgency. So yeah, about three-quarters said it changed their settings and about 50% said they would fly less. So they don’t necessarily stop completely, but it did affect their behavior.

Dan: The effect is even more pronounced when someone you respect or admire changes their behavior.

Steve: It will referred to in psychology as the messenger effect. So it comes down to who is delivering the message, and if someone has legitimate authority in your eyes, you are more likely to be influenced by them. You see people who acted symbolically and worked very hard for social change.

Dan: Lead by example: Unanimous support from climate researchers that this is a good thing, right? Well, some people argue that climate work shouldn’t focus on individual people who can really only do so much on their own. The idea is that this will relieve the pressure on business, government, and industry that could almost unilaterally make really powerful systemic changes.

Steve: So there’s a pretty strong narrative that we don’t rely on individual behavior should focus. And I understand that. However, I believe that urgency is so important that we must face the difficulties. I don’t think we can try to strike a cozy, warm consensus on the way we communicate at all times. But I think there has to be this discussion about individual behavior, otherwise it’s a kind of carte blanche for everything as it is now. It’s kind of just about the system. And for me, the system won’t change without individual changes. These two things go hand in hand.

Dan: Steve’s work shows that individual actions can have a powerful impact on those around you. While your overall personal changes can be small, they can add up to a huge amount, especially when you consider how much of the total emissions are related to a person’s daily life.

Steve: 65% of global emissions are from households . So a big piece. That is not to say that all of these emissions are things that you could choose to do because obviously a lot of them are things that you don’t have a wide range of choices, but it is a large part of emissions that is associated with people and their emissions is consumption.

Dan: Corinne Le Quéré’s work on research into the pandemic slump in CO₂ emissions really illustrates this. Your team found that much of the 2020 drop was due to cumulative single actions.

Corinne: We saw really big changes in emissions during the inclusion. So it is important to say that it is not the pandemic, it is not the disease itself, that is causing emissions, but the measures taken to respond to the pandemic have resulted in people like us not moving very much. Those who could, worked from home.

Corinne: So it’s road transport that made up about 40% of the break-in, on the order of 30 percent, maybe more, of emissions in the US and in Europe, where the lockdown was particularly intense. And so it made a big difference not to have so many people on the road.

Dan: Nobody ate out, clothing sales fell sharply, as did electronics such as phones and other things.

Corinne: And that’s why the industry didn’t work that much, and that made up a large part of it.

Corinne: It wasn’t a big contribution, because even though we didn’t go to work, more electricity is used than in buildings at home. So it was more of a shift in energy consumption in the pattern.

Dan: And what about the flying that was almost completely stopped during the closings? Flying is certainly not good for the environment. If I were to take a round-trip flight from here in San Francisco to visit Gemma in London, it would emit about 5 tons of CO₂ per person on the plane. That is more than twice the emissions a family car causes in a year. So you would think that the global slump in passenger flights would have a huge impact on emissions. But Corinne’s data paint a slightly different picture.

Corinne: The interesting thing is aviation. Aviation was hardest hit by the crisis. I mean it was cut by three quarters. For example, the number of flights in countries that were blocked in aviation could be reduced by 75%. In a normal year, however, aviation only accounts for 3% of global emissions. Even if you reduce this by three quarters, you are only reducing it by 2%. It wasn’t that big of a deal worldwide.

Dan: So I asked Corinne what we should do to stop climate change.

Corinee: We don’t really think about it that much, but driving is much more polluting than aviation. I mean the thing is, aviation is way worse per mile than driving, but we drive a lot more. And so many countries don’t fly at all. So if we can regulate car transport in relative terms, we can make a big difference to global emissions.

Dan: She says to prevent the planet from exceeding the 1.5 ℃ -2 limit set in the Paris Agreement ℃, much more needs to be done than just individual changes. Remember that in the years before the pandemic, 64 countries had already reduced their emissions, but those emissions reductions were nowhere near what is needed worldwide.

Corinne: If you look at the countries that had emissions before the pandemic If only those countries have decreased, then emissions reductions were about 10% of what is needed year after year to combat climate change. Now there were 150 countries that were simultaneously increasing their emissions. So we’re far from where we want to be.

Dan: In addition, experts have warned that the world would warm by almost 3 ° C even if countries hit their Paris emissions targets by 2030. This could cause inconceivable harm to people and animals around the world. And lest we forget, the biggest polluting countries will almost certainly suffer the least, while the poorer countries will bear the brunt of the climate disaster.

But Corinne emphasized that COVID-19 showed what governments and collective action can do. There have been enormous social changes to reduce emissions.

Corinne: So the pandemic has reduced emissions by 2.6 billion tons of CO₂. And we need 1-2 billion tons of CO₂. So it’s big, but we did more in the pandemic for the wrong reasons, but when it comes to size, these numbers let you see that you need large-scale action to fight climate change. You need people to be involved. You need something that is coordinated that governments and society want to do to move forward.

Dan: But as countries slowly come out of the pandemic and governments are adding heaps of money to their economies. There is a risk that green measures will push the status quo into the background.

Corinne: Among the stimulus packages around the world, I would say that there are two handfuls, maybe ten, that are greener than not. So green means they are investing in what is needed, but there is a large basket of stimulus packages that are very, very brown and invest in infrastructure that really locks us in with high emissions and high climate change.

In many countries, and in particular in China, which was less affected by the pandemic than other countries, the economy resumed less long and much earlier in the year. So they were under lock and key in January and the first half of February, and since February they have had time to get their economy going again somewhere.

Dan: But Corinne says it’s not too late yet. Much of the recovery money is going into immediate rescue efforts to help people survive this crisis. But a lot of money is also going into future investments in infrastructure.

Corinne: If they can now be pushed into renewable energies, renovating houses for energy efficiency, electrifying transport and automobiles. They can still be done now. So I would say the possibilities have not yet been determined. And this is what we tried to say in our paper: the actions we are taking now will make a difference. It’s not all done yet, and then we’ll say, « Oh, well, let’s wait for the next few opportunities. » What we’re doing now is really very critical.

Gemma: For someone who spends their time researching global carbon emissions, Corinne is actually refreshingly positive.

Dan: Yeah, it doesn’t stop there lost. The choices our governments make are really important, especially as we choose a path to recovery from the pandemic. You can read more about the study recently published by Corinne Le Quéré and her colleagues in an article on The Conversation. Find a link in the show notes.

Gemma: Next, we’re joined by Vinita Srivastava of The Conversation in Toronto to talk about racism against Canada’s immigrant farm workers. But first we got a message from Wale Fatade, editor at The Conversation in Lagos, Nigeria, with some recommended reading.

Wale: Hello, I’m Wale Fatade, an editor in Lagos, Nigeria. These are two stories that caught my attention over the past week. The first is an article by Benjamin Maiangwa, a senior lecturer in international relations and peace and conflict studies at Durham University in England, and Chigbo Anyaduba, an assistant professor at the University of Winnipeg, Canada.

The authors argue that the Biafran War , a civil war in eastern Nigeria, has ended for over 50 years, but issues surrounding the end of the war have not been fully addressed. And they talked about remembrance practice, which is a way of remembering the past and which is not enough to remove the injustice associated with war. They say this is a merely symbolic exercise that has failed to face a violent system. And they conclude with the statement that some form of political justice is required to meet the requirements of war. And I’m sure you will find it fascinating, in the sense that the Biafran War, even though it ended in 1970, has dominated our political discourse in Nigeria to this day.

My second recommendation is to look back at some recent research on beer in Namibia written by Paul Nugent, University of Edinburgh, Scotland. He writes about why beer remains a hallmark of identity and why the brewing industry in Namibia is still a source of national pride. The article also confirms how the escalation of the wars of liberation in southern Africa had a major impact on the beer industry. That’s it from me, enjoy reading.

Gemma: Now we come from Toronto to Vinita Srivastava, presenter of another new podcast from The Conversation. Hello Vinita.

Vinita: So don’t call me resilient, on the pod we dive deep and look at how current issues overlap with race and racism. And we’re having these really insightful conversations with scientists and activists who are looking at the world through an anti-racist lens. Additionally, our guests are closely related to the work they are talking about.

Gemma: They are and it really comes through on the show. I really enjoyed it. But can you explain why it’s called « Don’t Call Me Resilient »?

Vinita: Yes. That’s the big question. What’s wrong with calling people resilient? Isn’t it a nice thing when you say, « Oh, you’re so resilient »? And of course we want to celebrate our human resilience, our ability to adapt and overcome all these difficult conditions that come our way.

But for so many people, especially black, indigenous, poor, racialized people, it has other effects than being classified as resilient, especially by politicians. That means we often ask people to pick up the boot straps. Or, you know, we lean on those dangerous prejudices of strong communities instead of looking for the systemic solutions we need.

Gemma: And thank you very much for letting us use one of your interviews on our show today Vinita. We’re going to hear an excerpt from a conversation you had about migrant workers in Canada. Can you introduce it to us?

Vinita: Sure, sure. In this episode, OCAD University Professor Min Sook Lee shares some of her experiences over the past 20 years while making documentaries about migrant workers in Canada. And she calls the workers « the invisible ones ». She explains that both political and social attitudes serve to make migrant workers invisible, but their unsafe working conditions after COVID-19 reached an alarm situation.

Vinita: Min Sook, I want to ask you so badly, and that’s why I will jump in immediately. What were some of your first thoughts when COVID-19 first hit?

Min Sook: When the lockdown was declared and we saw the global pandemic alarm all around us and the very first thing I heard was social Distancing – What would protect you from COVID-19 was social distancing. And immediately I knew that migrant workers would get into trouble because migrant workers have no control over their own space. Social distancing is a luxury. This means that you can control the space in which you live and work. And migrant workers are regularly housed in very overcrowded living conditions. Often times I have seen workers who 20, 30 lived in a garage with no windows and had farm equipment stored when the workers did not live in the garage, with a bathroom or two accessible.

I have too seen migrant workers working very closely together in the greenhouse rooms and factory lines, cheek to cheek, elbow to elbow, when processing food, fruit or fish. So I knew that the pandemic that set off alarm bells around the world, what was needed to protect oneself from the pandemic – social distancing – would be unavailable and inaccessible to migrant workers as they have to work very closely together in one. More worrisome, however, is that they are often housed in very overcrowded living conditions and, due to the laws of the Canadian Migrant Workers Program, cannot control the rooms in which they live and work.

Vinita: Have you got in touch with some people who that you’ve interviewed over the years? Do you keep hearing from them?

Min Sook: Yes, and I won’t mention names as workers often need to protect their identities. There were two workers on the west coast. They were sent back by their employer because they were in contact with the west coast community organizers who worked on a farm. And they agreed to eat and get support because the community organizers saw that migrant workers – usually migrant workers are very isolated. They are kept away from the non-migrant population. And often employers make sure that migrant workers don’t have a lot of contact with Canadians.

So it’s a kind of isolation that I don’t think most Canadians can imagine. I’ve seen a migrant worker arrive at the airport at 4:00 a.m. on a flight from Mexico or the Caribbean, for example. They will be picked up by a broker or a person who works on the farm, perhaps the employer or supervisor, and driven to their living area. They are expected to show up at work the next morning. And then it’s seven working days a week, and often they work on farms that are really isolated and rural, and get access to shopping, banking, or off-work activities, are monitored and require transportation from the employer, and it requires this type of organization. So the isolation of migrant workers is extreme.

And on the west coast when COVID hit there were workers who were concerned about the quarantine measures that were being applied to them and that their employers were taking immediate action like no guest visitors, no leaving the premises after a certain time, set a fixed number of hours. And then the workers could not go shopping during the quarantine period or when they were sick. And the food they were given was not enough. And so they were the organizers of the community that provided food to the workers. And when the employer found out, the employer sent these two workers back to Mexico because the employer decided they had broken the farm’s rules. As a result, it is common for workers to be punished for speaking out.

Vinita: Social distancing, and for a while when we were in lockdown we stay home. I hear you say home is not home. It’s a very dangerous place. It’s crowded and there is no distance.

Min Sook: Without the work of migrant workers, we Canadians couldn’t feed. Viele Leute denken, wir sprechen von Familienbetrieben mit ein paar Hühnern, Schweinen und Kühen und drei Generationen von Bauern, die hart in der Sonne arbeiten. Dies ist nicht das Bild der industriellen Landwirtschaft oder der Massentierhaltung in Kanada, die die meisten Lebensmittel produziert, die wir essen. Wir sehen uns Gewächshäuser mit einer Länge von 10 Fußballfeldern an. Dies sind massive Industriebetriebe, und in diesen Gewächshausbetrieben arbeiten Hunderte von Arbeitern.

Durch diese Branche wurden Milliarden von Gewinnen auf dem Rücken von Wanderarbeitern erzielt, die unfrei sind. Sie können ihren Arbeitgeber nicht wechseln, sie können ihre Baustelle nicht wechseln. Und die meisten Arbeitnehmer sind in Kanada ohne Weg zur Staatsbürgerschaft, ohne Weg zur dauerhaften Aufenthaltserlaubnis, ohne Weg zum Status.

Min sook: Sie wissen, die eingeschränkten Wege zur Staatsbürgerschaft sind entworfen. Sie sollen Kanada so aussehen lassen, wie es ist, und vor allem die Mehrheit der Arbeitnehmer, die im Rahmen des Programms für Wanderarbeitnehmer nach Kanada kommen, kommen aus dem globalen Süden. Die meisten Arbeiter sind rassisierte Arbeiter, die meisten Arbeiter kommen, um die Jobs zu erledigen, die die meisten Kanadier nicht wollen. Die 3D-Jobs: schmutzig, schwierig und gefährlich.

Man könnte sagen, dass das Bild von Kanada als diese rosige Postkarte von Kanada als einem Land, das die Vielfalt von Menschen auf der ganzen Welt einlädt. Und die Türen sind offen und die Gelegenheit ist geklopft und wir werden Sie einladen. Nun, die Realität, die wir kennen, ist, dass die Haustüren nach Kanada blockiert sind. Es gibt lange Wartelisten und zunehmend gibt es immer strengere Beschränkungen für Einwanderungswege nach Kanada. Die Hintertür steht Arbeitsmigranten weit offen, um die für die Industrie erforderliche Arbeit zu erledigen. Diese Hintertür stellt jedoch sicher, dass Sie dauerhaft nicht im Status bleiben. Sie sind also nicht als Zeitarbeitnehmer im Rahmen eines Zeitarbeitsprogramms für ausländische Arbeitnehmer hier, da Ihre Arbeitskräfte nur vorübergehend benötigt werden.

Vinita: Wie viel von diesen Einstellungen und Richtlinien hat mit Rasse zu tun, der Tatsache, dass dies schwarze und braune Körper sind, die die Arbeit und die Arbeit erledigen?

Min Sook: Oh ja, das ist zweifellos ein rassistisches Programm. Ohne Zweifel. Wie ist dieses Programm aufgebaut? Ich denke, wir müssen die Geschichte eines solchen Programms anerkennen, das mit der Besiedlung Kanadas begann. Die Kolonialgeschichte Kanadas ist stark an der Schaffung des Programms für Zeitarbeitskräfte im Ausland ausgerichtet und Teil davon.

Als Kanada ab dem 19. Jahrhundert Eisenbahnen bauen musste, um Städte in der Landschaft zu verbinden, die Menschen, die sie für den Bau der Eisenbahnen brauchten, die Arbeitskräfte, die benötigt wurden, richtete Kanada ein Programm für Wanderarbeiter ein, um chinesische Arbeiter anzuwerben mach die Arbeit auf den Eisenbahnen. Chinesische Arbeiter, die die Arbeit für weniger Lohn erledigen würden als weiße Arbeiter und die gefährlichsten Arbeiten zum Beispiel mit Dynamit in den Rocky Mountains erledigen würden. Die Programme, die im 19. Jahrhundert ins Leben gerufen wurden, um chinesische Arbeiter anzuwerben, sollten also Arbeitskräfte abbauen, aber auch Siedlungen abschrecken. Sie durften zu einem bestimmten Zeitpunkt und dann sollten sie gehen, nie erwartet, sich niederzulassen.

Vinita: Du machst das schon eine Weile. Sie haben Wanderarbeitnehmer lange vor COVID dokumentiert. Haben Sie dramatische Veränderungen in ihren Bedingungen oder Verbesserungen oder dramatische Veränderungen zum Schlechten gesehen?

Min Sook: Nein, ich denke, dass die Dinge tatsächlich noch auffälliger geworden sind. Und die Idee, dass Arbeiter unsichtbar sind, ist absichtlich. Es gibt eine konstruierte Art und Weise, wie Arbeiter unsichtbar sind. Ich möchte das als einen Gedanken über die Geschichte der Wanderarbeitnehmerprogramme und wie rassistisch sie sind, anbieten.

Sie können Vinitas vollständiges Interview mit Min Sook Lee in Folge 4 von Don’t Call Me Resilient anhören.

Gemma: Vielen Dank Vinita. Wir sollten sagen, dass Kanada in Bezug auf den Umgang mit seinen Wanderarbeitnehmern und den Rassismus, der mit diesen vorübergehenden Programmen verbunden ist, nicht einzigartig ist.

Vinita: Ich meine, diese Woche gibt es auf unserer Website eine großartige Geschichte über Arbeiter in Südostasien und die ähnlichen Umstände des Rassismus, die sie zusammen mit den überfüllten Lebensbedingungen erleben, und diese sind in Ländern wie Singapur und Thailand. Dies ist ein System, das überall existiert, und die Leute sind immer überrascht, wenn wir über Rassismus sprechen und denken: « Was sind die Thailänder gegenüber den Burmesen rassistisch? » Natürlich, weil sie Migranten sind und der gleichen Fremdenfeindlichkeit und dem gleichen Rassismus ausgesetzt sind wie Wanderarbeiter in Kanada.

Vinita: Ich würde die Leute bitten, nach Don’t Call Me Resilient zu suchen, wo immer Sie Ihre Podcasts erhalten.

Gemma: OK, das war’s für diese Woche. Links zu allen Expertenanalysen, die wir in dieser Episode erwähnt haben – und mehr – finden Sie in unseren Episodennotizen. Dort finden Sie auch einen Link, über den Sie sich für die kostenlose tägliche E-Mail von The Conversation anmelden können. Und wenn Sie Kontakt aufnehmen möchten – sagen Sie uns, was Sie über die Show denken oder welche Fragen wir Akademikern stellen sollten, finden Sie uns auf Twitter @TC_Audio oder auf Instagram unter theconversation.com. Oder Sie können uns eine E-Mail an [email protected] senden.

Dan: Vielen Dank an alle Akademiker, die für diese Episode mit uns gesprochen haben. Und danke auch an die Conversation-Redakteure Anthea Batsakis, Sunanda Creagh, Will de Freitas, Wale Fatade und Stephen Khan. Und natürlich Vinita. Vinita, gibt es noch jemanden, dem Sie vom Team von Don’t Call Me Resilient danken möchten?

Vinita: Oh, das Don’t Call Me Resilient-Team ist eine erstaunliche, leidenschaftliche Gruppe von Menschen, deshalb muss ich ihnen danken. Reza Dahya, unser Soundguru, und Nahid Buie und Ibrahim Daair, unsere Produzenten.

Gemma: Großartig, danke. Diese Episode von The Conversation Weekly wird von Mend Mariwany und mir zusammen mit unserem Sounddesign von Eloise Stevens produziert. Unsere Themenmusik ist von Neeta Sarl.

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« Ich weiß nicht, ob er bemerkt hat, dass er zu weit gegangen ist, und ich denke, der Brückentender hat meinen Freund nicht schreien hören, als er in der Luft war. »

Ausländische Kriminelle und gescheiterte Asylbewerber erhalten nur eine Chance, gegen Entscheidungen, sie im Rahmen einer größeren Umstrukturierung des Innenministeriums zu deportieren, Berufung einzulegen, wie The Daily Telegraph offenbaren kann. According to the new “one-stop-shop” system, any legal attempt to appeal against a deportation decision would have to be submitted at the same time in order to reduce the arrears. This means that people who are removed from the country cannot make half a dozen individual attempts to overturn the decision, which sometimes happens now, dragging out the legal process. The proposal is just one of many policy changes released for consultation later this month as part of the largest asylum reform of a generation. Home Secretary Priti Patel wants to speed up the deportation process after being alerted to backlogs that have worsened during the Covid-19 pandemic. The Home Office’s analysis suggests that due to the backlog in the UK, around 40,000 people have applied for asylum who have not yet been contacted to leave the UK. One proposal is to tighten the definition of modern slavery in the Modern Slavery Act 2015, amid concerns that people who should be deported are using it to attempt false appeal. Such a change would likely spark opposition not only from Labor but also from Theresa May, the former Tory Prime Minister who campaigned for the law and opposed modern slavery. A second idea is to make the appeal more difficult for people whose asylum applications have been rejected, whereby only those who can prove “exceptional circumstances” are allowed to proceed. Similarly, a stricter definition of “human rights grounds” is proposed for those who have been refused asylum but wish to appeal. A third area of ​​change concerns the ability of foreign criminals to postpone deportation, such as the fact that they cannot appeal in the 14 days prior to their planned departure. A government source familiar with the plans said: “You get all sorts of claims from people [to reverse deportations]. In the future, you will have to bring them all at once. „Das bedeutet, dass alle Gründe für den Schutz von vornherein angesprochen werden, was Migranten und Gerichten hilft, indem sie keinen langen und langwierigen Prozess haben. It also helps the taxpayer by saving money and freeing up legal space. “Sometimes people have seven, eight, nine callings. In the future we will say: « Bring it all at once ». Ms. Patel’s reforms come after she ordered Home Office officials to « go under the hood » of the asylum system to understand how it can be improved. The Telegraph reported yesterday that the Home Secretary wants people who come to the UK illegally to seek asylum to be removed from the country for their applications to be processed abroad. Both Gibraltar and the Isle of Man ruled out serving as processing sites for asylum seekers in the UK yesterday, despite reports being viewed as sites. Mr Johnson insisted that a discussed policy of sending asylum seekers abroad for processing was « humanitarian » to combat the actions of « traffickers and gangsters ». « The goal here is to save lives and avert human misery, » he said at a press conference on Downing Street. Mr Johnson also appeared to support the idea of ​​granting an amnesty to migrants who had entered the UK illegally long ago. He said, « If people have been here for a long time and haven’t broken the law, it makes sense to try and regulate their status. » This is actually pretty much what is already happening under the existing rules. “

Die Aufsichtsbehörde sagt, dass der Stoß nicht mit dem allgemeinen Anstieg des Risikos von Blutgerinnseln zusammenhängt und dass die Vorteile der Anwendung die Risiken überwiegen

Der Geschäftsführer von Asda, Roger Burnley, wird die britische Supermarktkette im nächsten Jahr verlassen, hieß es am Donnerstag, einen Monat nachdem der Milliardär Issa Brothers und die Private Equity-Gruppe TDR Capital den Kauf der Gruppe abgeschlossen hatten. Mohsin und Zuber Issa kauften eine Mehrheitsbeteiligung an Asda vom US-Riesen Walmart, was einem Unternehmenswert von 6,8 Milliarden Pfund (9,5 Milliarden US-Dollar) entspricht.

Durchgesickerter Nicola Sturgeon-Bericht: « Kaum zu glauben » Sie kannte « One-Stop-Shop » nicht, um mehrere Einsprüche von gescheiterten Asylbewerbern zu unterbinden. PM: « Der Stich ist sicher. » Was nicht sicher ist, ist, die neuesten Nachrichten von Covid ‘Coronavirus zu erhalten: Großbritannien vor dritter Welle geschützt, sagt MHRA-Chef Abonnieren Sie The Telegraph für eine einmonatige kostenlose Testversion Die Europäische Union verklagt Großbritannien wegen fehlender Wiederherstellung vor Gericht illegale staatliche Beihilfen im Wert von rund 86 Millionen Pfund. Die Kommission hat vor zwei Jahren entschieden, dass die vor dem Brexit gewährten staatlichen Beihilfen als « rechtswidrig und mit den Vorschriften für staatliche Beihilfen unvereinbar angesehen wurden und daher die Beihilfen zurückgefordert werden müssen ». Die Vorschriften für staatliche Beihilfen verlangen « grundsätzlich », dass sie zurückgefordert werden, « um die durch die Beihilfe verursachte Wettbewerbsverzerrung zu beseitigen ». Die Erholung muss « so schnell wie möglich » erfolgen, fügte die Kommission hinzu. Die für die Wettbewerbspolitik zuständige Vizepräsidentin Margrethe Vestager sagte: « Die von Gibraltar gewährte Beihilfe in Form einer Körperschaftsteuerbefreiung für passive Zinsen und Lizenzgebühren wurde gewährt ein unfairer Vorteil für einige multinationale Unternehmen und musste vom Vereinigten Königreich und den Behörden von Gibraltar zurückgefordert werden. « Mehr als zwei Jahre nach der Annahme dieser Entscheidung durch die Kommission wurde die Beihilfe jedoch noch nicht vollständig zurückgefordert, und es wurden keine ausreichenden Fortschritte bei der Wiederherstellung des Wettbewerbs erzielt. Aus diesem Grund haben wir beschlossen, das Vereinigte Königreich an den Gerichtshof zu verweisen für die Nichtumsetzung dieser Entscheidung.  » Ein Sprecher der britischen Regierung sagte: « Das Vereinigte Königreich und die Regierung von Gibraltar arbeiten in diesem Fall eng zusammen und mit der Kommission zusammen. » Die Regierung von Gibraltar hat bereits einen Teil der Hilfe zurückgefordert und arbeitet weiter daran, die ausstehende Hilfe in Übereinstimmung mit der Forderung zurückzugewinnen mit der Entscheidung der Kommission, und diesen Fall so bald wie möglich zu einem zufriedenstellenden Abschluss zu bringen. « Befolgen Sie die neuesten Aktualisierungen unten.

Die R-Zahl in Großbritannien ist nach den neuesten offiziellen Daten leicht auf 0,6 bis 0,9 gestiegen. Die R-Rate – oder Reproduktionszahl – dieser Woche hat sich gegenüber der letzten Woche, die von Wissenschaftlern auf 0,6 bis 0,8 geschätzt wurde, geringfügig geändert.

Nordirlands Friedensabkommen von 1998 ist in Gefahr und eine « Büchse der Pandora » für Protest und politische Krise wird geöffnet, sofern die Europäische Union nicht wesentlichen Änderungen des Brexit-Abkommens zustimmt, warnte ein hochrangiger Loyalist am Freitag. Das Abkommen von 1998, bekannt als Belfast oder Karfreitagsabkommen, beendete drei Jahrzehnte der Gewalt zwischen überwiegend katholischen Nationalisten, die für ein geeintes Irland kämpfen, und überwiegend protestantischen Gewerkschaftern oder Loyalisten, die wollen, dass Nordirland Teil des Vereinigten Königreichs bleibt. David Campbell, Vorsitzender des Loyalist Communities Council, der die Ansichten loyalistischer Paramilitärs vertritt, forderte einen Dialog mit der EU und Irland, um das nordirische Protokoll zu ändern, das seiner Ansicht nach gegen die Grundprinzipien des Abkommens von 1998 verstoßen habe.

Covid Bankfeiertage wären der Schuss in den Arm, den die britische Wirtschaft so dringend braucht. Während der Pandemie haben die Briten 250 Milliarden Pfund gespart. Vier zusätzliche freie Tage in diesem Sommer würden sie ermutigen, es zu verbringen

Eine Frau hat sich gemeldet und behauptet, der US-Schauspieler habe sie 2017 vergewaltigt. Hammer bestreitet Fehlverhalten und sein Anwalt begrüßt die Gelegenheit, den Rekord zu korrigieren.

Eine Person allein soll 300 Mal versucht haben, zu ihrer örtlichen Praxis auf Teesside durchzukommen

Menschen, die an diesem Wochenende unter Verstoß gegen die Coronavirus-Beschränkungen an Protesten in der Londoner Innenstadt teilnehmen wollen, riskieren eine Verhaftung, sagte die Metropolitan Police. Es wird erwartet, dass eine Reihe von Demonstrationen in der Hauptstadt stattfinden, darunter eine Kundgebung in der Speakers ‘Corner im Hyde Park, um Piers Corbyns Bürgermeisterangebot zu unterstützen. Der Bruder des ehemaligen Labour-Führers war an der Spitze der Anti-Lockdown-Bewegung, seit vor einem Jahr Beschränkungen verhängt wurden.

Die Gefahr eines No-Deal-Brexit bleibt laut Peers bestehen, da die Beziehungen zur EU sauer sind. Exklusiv: Der Vorsitzende des Lords Committee hebt die Besorgnis hervor, dass das EU-Parlament die Ratifizierung von Handelsabkommen verzögern könnte

Die schottischen Staatsanwälte haben angegeben, sie könnten untersuchen, wie David Davis durchgesickerte Nachrichten erhalten hat, die auf eine kriminelle Verschwörung gegen Alex Salmond hindeuten. The Crown Office said Thursday it would « consider whether further investigation is needed » after the senior Tory used parliamentary privilege to read texts to Mr Salmond among senior SNP figures, including Nicola Sturgeon’s husband were notified of his criminal case. The former Brexit secretary quickly took an exception to the announcement when telling officials to « go back and read their law books ». In der Zwischenzeit griff Frau Sturgeon Herrn Davis und Herrn Salmond als « Inbegriff des Clubs der alten Jungen » an und forderte eine Entschuldigung von der ehemaligen Brexit-Sekretärin, die sie als « alten Kumpel » ihres Vorgängers bezeichnete.

Die Zulu in Südafrika versammeln sich vor den Toren des königlichen Palastes, um sich von ihrem verstorbenen König zu verabschieden. Goodwill Zwelithini war der am längsten amtierende Monarch in der Zulu-Geschichte und regierte ein halbes Jahrhundert lang durch Jahre der Apartheid und des demokratischen Übergangs. Er starb letzten Freitag im Alter von 72 Jahren nach wochenlanger Behandlung einer diabetesbedingten Krankheit.

Boris Johnson sagte, sein Fahrplan zur Lockerung der Beschränkungen hänge davon ab, dass die Fälle von Coronaviren weiter sinken.

Louis Tussauds Wachsfiguren in San Antonio hat die Trump-Statue nun in einen Lagerraum verlegt

Israelische Truppen haben am Freitag einen Palästinenser erschossen, als Demonstranten, die gegen israelische Siedlungen im besetzten Westjordanland protestierten, Steine ​​auf Soldaten schleuderten, sagte ein Reuters-Zeuge. Der Mann wurde bei einem Protest in der Nähe der Dorflage Beit Dajan in der Nähe von Nablus in den Kopf geschossen und in ein Krankenhaus gebracht, wo er später starb, teilte das palästinensische Gesundheitsministerium mit. Das israelische Militär sagte, es untersuche den Vorfall.

« Das Ziel ist ein humanitäres und humanes », sagt der Premierminister – nach einer Idee, die als « unmenschlich und nicht praktikabel » eingestuft wurde.

Related title :
Coronavirus- Lock Down An Estimated 7% Reduction in Global Carbon Emissions – What Happens Now?

Ref: https://uk.news.yahoo.com

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